Honey hunting or Honey harvesting is the gathering of honey from wild bee colonies and is one of the most ancient human activities and is still practiced by aboriginal societies in parts of Africa, Asia, Australia and South America.
Some of the earliest evidence of gathering honey from wild colonies is from rock painting, dating to around 8,000 BC. Gathering honey from wild bee colonies is usually done by subduing the bees with smoke and breaking open the tree or rocks where the colony is located, often resulting in the physical destruction of the colony.
Here is a video that explains better
Here is a link with the gallery of images that portraits Nepal’s honey hunters were taken by Eric Valli, a French photographer and film director; as he documented the lives of the men who harvest the massive hives of the world’s largest honey bees.
Valli has also shot a documentary with Diane Summers on the Honey hunters of Nepal documenting honey hunting by the Gurung tribesmen of west-central Nepal. In it, they enter the jungle in search of wild honey where they use indigenous tools under precarious conditions to collect honey.
Valli has received 3 World Press Awards for his work Chasseurs de Miel (1988)